Moodle 3.1 includes support for many new features designed to support Competency Based Education.
Competency frameworks are a hierarchical list of Competencies, usually defined by a standards body or central authority.
Competency frameworks can be imported and exported from Moodle in CSV format. In Moodle 3.1 you can install this plugin to import these competency frameworks. Moodle 3.2 includes this plugin by default so you can just navigate directly to "Site administration -> Competencies -> Import competency framework".